Crushing It Right: How to Choose the Perfect Ballast Crusher

The growth of ballast crushing business is facilitated by infrastructure development and construction industry growth. This attracts investors to turn their attention to the ballast crushing market.

What is ballast crushing?

Ballast crushing refers to the process of breaking down large rocks and stones into smaller pieces that are used as ballast in various construction projects.

Ballast is typically a mixture of gravel, crushed stone, and other materials that provide stability to structures such as railroad tracks, roadways, and foundations.

What equipment is used for crushing ballast stone?

Several types of rock crushers are commonly used for crushing ballast stone. The specific crusher machine used may vary depending on factors such as the scale of the operation, the desired output size, and the available resources. Here are some commonly used ballast crushing equipment:

1.  Jaw Crusher

Jaw crushers are commonly used as primary crushers in ballast crushing operations. They are designed to handle large rocks and stones and can produce a variety of output sizes. Jaw crushers apply compressive force to break down the materials and are known for their reliability and high production capacity.

2.  Impact Crusher

Impact crushers are another commonly used option for ballast crushing. They utilize the principle of impact and collision between the materials and the crushing chamber. Impact crushers are effective for producing high-quality ballast with good shape and can handle various types of materials.

3.  Cone Crusher

Cone crushers are often used for secondary or tertiary crushing in ballast production. They are versatile and can handle a wide range of materials. Cone crushers work by squeezing the materials between an eccentrically rotating cone and a concave surface, producing well-shaped ballast.

4.  Mobile crusher

Mobile crushers are designed to be highly mobile, allowing them to be easily transported to different job sites. This flexibility enables on-site crushing, eliminating the need for transporting ballast stone to a fixed crushing plant. It provides convenience and saves time and resources.

5.  Vibrating Screen

Vibrating screens are used to separate and classify the crushed ballast into different sizes or grades. They help ensure that the desired ballast sizes are achieved and can remove excess fines or undersized particles. Vibrating screens enhance the efficiency of the crushing process and improve the quality of the final product.

6.  Conveyor Belt

Conveyor belts are used to transport the crushed ballast from the crushing equipment to the desired location or storage area. They are essential for efficient material handling and can be customized to suit specific operational requirements.

7.  Excavator or Loader

Excavators or loaders are commonly used to load the ballast stone into the crushing equipment. They are essential for the initial processing and feeding of the materials.

In addition to these primary pieces of equipment, other auxiliary equipment such as feeders, hoppers, and control systems may be used to facilitate the crushing process and ensure smooth operation.

Factors to consider when buying a ballast crusher

Investors may not know how to choose enough ballast crushers. As a professional mining equipment manufacturer, Ftmmachinery is committed to providing customers with economical and reasonable ballast crushing production lines.

  1. Configure the crushing production line according to the output required by the customer.
  2. Capable of handling different sizes and types of ballast material.
  3. With perfect warranty and after-sales service.
  4. Spare parts such as jaw plates, toggle plates, concave liners, bowl liners, etc. are readily available. Please note that we do not sell accessories individually.
  5. Install guarding, emergency stop buttons, safety interlocks, safety lockout/tagout to protect worker safety.
  6. Use soundproofing materials, dust suppression systems, and enclosures to reduce noise levels and prevent dust particles from spreading into the surrounding environment.
  7. Ballast Crusher is user friendly with easy-to-use controls and interface.

What are the characteristics of good ballast stone?

Good ballast stones possess several key characteristics that make it suitable for its intended purpose. These characteristics include:

1. Hardness and Durability

Ballast stones should be hard and durable to withstand the load and stress exerted by trains, machinery, and other heavy loads. They should resist wear, breakage, and degradation over time. Stones with high hardness, such as granite or basalt, are commonly used for ballast due to their durability.

2. Size and Gradation

Ballast stones should have a uniform size and gradation. The stones should be of suitable size to provide stability and support to the tracks or structures. Generally, ballast stones range in size from 25 to 63 millimeters (1 to 2.5 inches), depending on the specific requirements of the project. Proper gradation ensures that the ballast interlocks and provides sufficient voids for drainage.

3. Angular Shape

Angular-shaped stones interlock well, providing stability to the ballast layer. They help prevent lateral movement of the tracks and reduce the risk of track deformation. Angular stones also resist shifting and settling, ensuring long-term stability.

4. Cleanliness and Lack of Contaminants

Ballast stones should be free from any contaminants, such as clay, organic matter, or other deleterious substances. Contaminants can affect the performance of the ballast, leading to reduced drainage, degradation, or instability. Clean, uncontaminated stones ensure proper functioning of the ballast layer.

5. Resistance to Water Absorption

Ballast stones should have low water absorption capacity to prevent water retention within the ballast layer. Stones with high water absorption can lead to track instability, reduced load-bearing capacity, and increased maintenance needs. Low water absorption helps maintain the structural integrity of the ballast.

6. Weight and Density

The weight and density of ballast stones play a role in providing stability and preventing track movement. Heavier stones contribute to a stable track structure, reducing the risk of track settlement or deformation. The density of ballast stones typically ranges from 2.6 to 2.8 grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³).

7. Resistance to Crushing

Ballast stones should have resistance to crushing under the load exerted by trains and heavy machinery. They should maintain their structural integrity without excessive deformation or fragmentation.

It’s important to note that specific project requirements and regional standards may dictate additional characteristics or specifications for ballast stones. Following these characteristics helps ensure the quality and performance of the ballast, contributing to the overall stability and longevity of the railway tracks or other structures.

Can recycled materials be used as ballast?

Yes, recycled materials can be used as ballast, and it is an environmentally friendly option. Crushed concrete, asphalt, and other recycled materials can be processed and used as ballast in certain applications. Using recycled materials helps reduce the demand for virgin resources and promotes sustainability in construction projects.


Selecting the right ballast crusher, considering essential precautions during the purchasing process, and using good-quality ballast stones are crucial elements for successful ballast stone crushing projects.

By understanding the different crusher options, being mindful of purchasing precautions, and recognizing the characteristics of high-quality ballast stones, you can ensure a durable, efficient, and cost-effective solution for your ballast crushing needs.

Ricardo is a freelance writer specialized in politics. He is with from the beginning and helps it grow. Email: richardorland4[at]